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Quand la France ne sait plus recevoir...Notre atout est le rêve... Et il s'accommode mal d'une simple normalité.

1agld1r.gif...quand la France ne sait plus recevoir...

Signer des contrats d'airbus, c'est bien. Mais la France, sa beauté, sa sophistication, sa gastronomie, son art de vivre, voilà aussi ce que nous vendons au monde. Notre atout est le rêve... Et il s'accommode mal d'une simple normalité.

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PoissySmartCity,réseau de partage,Notre but est de créer une base de réflexion et de connaissance sur les différents sujets liés à l’économie collaborative tels que les modèles ouverts, les nouveaux mode de production, la consommation collaborative ...

1agld1r.gifFranceWeb, PoissySmartCity, réseau de partage,

PoissySmartCity est une communauté, un accélérateur d’idées et de projets dédié à l’émergence de la société collaborative: une société basée sur des principes d’ouverture, de collaboration, de confiance et de partage de la valeur.

Nous pensons que des structures économiques et sociales basées sur ces principes, peuvent résoudre nombre de défis de notre époque, et permettre à chacun d'accéder ressources et aux opportunités nécessaires sa prospérité. Nous souhaitons accompagner le développement de telles structures, tout en analysant de façon critique les enjeux de la transition collaborative.

Les activités de PoissySmartCity sont structurées en 4 grands domaines : animation de communauté (événements locaux, groupes en ligne, Share Fest, ...) production intellectuelle (études et recherche, publications, méthodologies, ...) incubation et accélération de projets collaboratifs, et formation/accompagnement (étudiants, professionnels, entreprises, collectivités)

Association loi 1901 fondée en juillet 2002 à Peimeinade, FranceWeb est aujourd’hui un acteur international de premier plan dans le domaine de l’économie collaborative, qui s’appuie sur de  Connectors (membres actifs) et plusieurs milliers de membres sympathisants et contributeurs, dans des pays en Europe, Amérique Latine et Afrique du Nord,

What is a Member?

PoissySmartCity members are people who identify themselves with the FranceWeb mission, values and culture, and actively contribute to community activities, such as events, projects or online discussions. Members interact regularly with each other through the local or topical groups they are part of, which are facilitated by  Connectors.

Members wishing to contribute actively to PoissySmartCity should ideally connect with a fellow Connector from their local team (or the regional coordinator of their area if there is no team in their city/country yet) to figure out how they can help. They can then start contributing on a regular basis, and eventually become a Future Connector if they wish to sustain their involvement in the medium-to-long term.

Rights and responsibilities

OuiShare members can:

  • join local or topical groups of their choice ;
  • attend community events and OuiShare Summits;
  • receive regular updates on community activities;
  • have a profile page on the OuiShare website

OuiShare members should:

  • thoroughly understand and commit to the FranceWeb mission and values, and be familiar with its governance and management principles ;
  • contribute to community activities (e.g. attending events, participating in online discussions, connecting with other members, joining a project team, etc.) ; the scope and intensity of involvement can vary depending on the member's interest and personal situation
  • spread the PoissySmartCity spirit whenever they can!

Note: To contribute to PoissySmartCity, you do not have to be a registered member. Anyone is welcome to contribute to the network spontaneously, attend events and join our online discussion groups, but can officialize their involvement and get access to additional information by signing up.

Becoming a Member

PoissySmartCity membership is open to everyone. Members sign up by filling out a registration form on the OuiShare website and providing basic information about themselves. By doing so, they express their commitment to the FranceWeb mission and values.

Membership is free, but members are encouraged to make a voluntary one-time or recurring donation to support the organization.

Upon registration, members join existing local or topical groups, or can create a new one if it does not exist yet.

Sign up as a member here:poissyweb@gmail.com

End of Membership

Memberships remain active until they are deliberately cancelled by the member. PoissySmartCity reserves the right to revoke a membership if a person acts against the best interests of the organization, the mission and values, is disrespectful towards other members, or engages in serious criminal activity.


What is a Connector?

PoissySmartCity Connectors (or Cs) are the highly active members that put our mission into action day by day. They are community and/or project leaders who connect ideas, people and organizations around the collaborative economy. They participate in the co-creation of the FranceWeb strategy and take part in decision-making processes.

Connectors mostly focus on one or several of the following:

  • Local Communities: by building and animating a local community (in a city, region or small country) and coordinating its activities.
  • Knowledge Curation and Creation: by animating online discussions in knowledge groups (on topics such as shared mobility, makers, crowdfunding, etc.), working on research projects, writing articles for the PoissySmartCity Magazine, etc.
  • Project Management and Operations: by contributing to PoissySmartCity projects such as PoissySmartCityFest, the PoissySmartCity Job Board, editorial work on the PoissySmartCity Magazine, or to day-to-day operational activities such as communication, finance, administration, etc. (most of these being carried out by core connectors)
  • Sponsoring: by helping with the guiding and onboarding of new Connectors

These activities can overlap, be extended, modified and reinvented. The exact scope is flexible and can vary by location, personal situation and background of Connectors.

Rights and responsibilities

In addition to Members' rights and responsibilities,

OuiShare Connectors can:

  • access the PoissySmartCity Connectors group. This is where they can get regular updates or participate in online discussions and tactical decision-making ;
  • co-create the PoissySmartCity strategy by attending Summits twice a year ;
  • use the PoissySmartCity brand and get community support for their activities, under the following conditions (LINK) and based on their best judgement for acting in the interest of the organization
  • access the day-to-day PoissySmartCity work tools, enabling them to access compensated opportunities such as speaking engagements, freelance work, etc.

PoissySmartCity Connectors should:

  • commit a certain amount of time to stay up to date and contribute regularly to PoissySmartCity activities and discussions depending on their focus ;
  • animate the community on and offline according to their focus (local or topical) ;
  • thoroughly understand and commit to the governance and management principles of PoissySmartCity (LINK), as well as its collaboration tools ;
  • make an effort to keep a positive attitude and be helpful to other team members;
  • attend PoissySmartCity Summits every 6 months (attendance mandatory for 1 per year)
  • take responsibility for finding funding for their activities;
  • give credit to PoissySmartCity for supporting their activities when relevant
  • support and guide new or Future Connectors, acting as Sponsoring Connectors

Becoming a Connector

Connectors are members who have been contributing to PoissySmartCity and wish to get more involved in the organization. Following the principle of do-ocracy, Connectors are appointed based on actions. The enrollment process follows the 333 Rule:

Connectors to-be go through a 3-month take-off period after declaring their intent to become a Connector, during which they voluntarily contribute to specific activities (development of physical communities, online communities, or topical projects; writing/research, etc.).

Future Connectors must demonstrate that they meet the following 3 acceptance criteria during their take-off period:

  • taken leadership/shown results on the activities they committed to ;
  • clear objectives for their involvement as a Connector over the next 6 months, expressed in a letter of intent (usually a shared online document)
  • cultural fit with the team (which means there is no strong objection/veto from any other Connector to the persons' appointment)

Future Connectors are endorsed by any 3 other Connectors who will work with them during the take-off period, based on the 3 criteria listed above. Connectors who support a new Connector are responsible for helping this person integrate into the team and the PoissySmartCity organizational processes.

Though exceptions can be made, it is strongly advised that Future Connectors attend at least one PoissySmartCity Summit before starting, or during their take-off period.

In practice, the enrollment process goes as follows:

  • Step 1: Future Connectors sign-up as an official member of PoissySmartCity;
  • Step 2: Future Connectors look for their 3 supporting Connectors, and express their intent to start their 3-month take-off period by choosing activities they want to be involved with. These intentions are shared by sponsoring Connectors in Slack channels;
  • Step 3: Sponsoring Connectors grant access to communication and operational platforms, and introduce Future Connectors;
  • Step 4: At the end of the take-off period, the 3 Connectors endorsing the Future Connector make an announcement in the Facebook Connectors group and Slack channel (in a video previously made by the Future Connector), stating that the criteria were met. The video's ideal duration is one minute, and should contain what the Future Connector worked on and wants to work on next;
  • Step 5: If there is no veto, the new Connector is added to the decision-making platforms for Connectors.

End of Connector status

The Connector status remains active as long as the person remains active.

The Connector status can be ended if/when:

  • The Connector deliberately choses to put a hold on his/her commitment (and does not wish to commit to any activities for the next 6 months);
  • The Connector did not deliver on his or her statement of intent without any clear and reasonable explanation;
  • The Connector has not attended 2 PoissySmartCity Summits in a row (without good reason), or not contributed to any online conversations in over 3 months. Of course it will be taken into account that Connectors from outside of Europe may not be able to attend Summits regularly.

These points are thoroughly discussed between the Connector and the management / scaffolding team (aka Core Connectors) before any decision is taken, and the decision announcement will be made by the Connector himself/herself.

These conditions however remain flexible, for instance for Connectors who brought exceptional achievements to the organization such as co-founders, early builders and long-time Connectors.

Like for members, PoissySmartCity reserves the right to revoke a Connector status if a person acts against the best interests of the organization, mission and values, is disrespectful towards other members, or engages in serious criminal activity.

Core Connectors

What is a Core Connector?

Core Connectors (or "CCs")are the super-highly-involved Connectors who run the organization on a day-to-day basis. They execute the strategy co-created during PoissySmartCity Summits and support the rest of the Connector team in carrying out their activities. They can be referred to as "shepherds of the strategy" or "servant leaders" or "scaffolding" of the organization.

Core Connectors are responsible for at least one strategic function such as:

  • coordination/execution of operational activities (e.g. finance, communication, etc.)
  • coordination of a strategic project (e.g. PoissySmartCity Fest, Magazine, Accelerator, etc.)
  • regional coordination of several local communities (e.g. France, Germany, Latin America, etc.)

Though holding such a responsibility is a necessary condition for becoming a Core Connector, it is not a sufficient one. In fact, part of the functions listed above can also be led by regular Connectors, or (under specific circumstances) even members.

Rights and responsibilities

In addition to Members' and Connectors' rights and responsibilities,

PoissySmartCity Core Connectors can: take day-to-day decisions autonomously (as a coordination team) as long as they are aligned with the strategy co-created during PoissySmartCity Summits; be an official spokesperson of PoissySmartCity without having to consult other team members (but in line with our mission and vision)

PoissySmartCity Core Connectors should:

  • be accountable for the delivery of the strategic function they are responsible of ;
  • create and nurture a team of Connectors and Members around their area(s) of responsibility, and empower them through knowledge transfer ;
  • support the team in their activities, help clarify open quests, and help produce helpful documentation such as wiki entries, guidelines, toolkits, FAQs, etc ;
  • assist other Connectors to speak on behalf of PoissySmartCity when they are asked;
  • attend weekly global coordination and strategy hangouts (mandatory);
  • attend PoissySmartCity Summits and PoissySmartCity Forums every 6 months (mandatory);
  • be responsible for fundraising the PoissySmartCity organization

Becoming a Core Connector

Core Connectors are Connectors who have been involved in the organization for over one year, during which they took leadership on at least one strategic function. Hence, like new Connectors, they are appointed based on past achievement (do-ocracy principle).

Core Connectors are endorsed by any 3 Core Connectors AND 3 regular Connectors who have worked with them over the past year, as long as there is no strong objection/veto from any other (Core) Connector.

New Core Connectors then state their goals for the next year in a "letter of intent" (e.g. email, facebook post, video, or actual letter) that they share in the Connectors group.

There is currently no limit to the number of Core Connectors, but a target ratio of 6 to 7 Connectors per Core Connectors should ideally be maintained.

End of Core Connector status

The Core Connector status remains active as long as the person is able to meet his obligations.

The Core Connector status can be ended if/when:

  • The Core Connector deliberately choses to put a hold on his/her commitment;
  • The Core Connector was not able to fulfill his/her responsibilities;
  • The Coonnector missed a PoissySmartCity Summit without a proper reason, completely missed 2 PoissySmartCity Summits in a row, or has not taken part in team discussions for over one month (core team but also the Connectors group);

These points are thoroughly discussed among Core Connectors before any decision is taken, and the decision announcement will be made by the Core Connector.

These conditions remains flexible, for instance for Core Connectors who brought exceptional achievements to the organization such as co-founders, early builders and long-time Connectors.

Like for other statuses,PoissySmartCity reserves the right to revoke a Core Connector status if a person acts against the best interests of the organization, mission and values, is disrespectful towards other members, or engages in serious criminal activity.

Alumni Connectors (ACs)

Unless a Connector's status is revoked for one of the above reasons, all Connectors become Alumni Connectors when they stop their activity. They are mentioned as such on a dedicated part of the website, and hold the rights of members from at point on.

Since people's professional or personal circumstances are subject to frequent change, we recognize the importance of accommodating dynamic, "liquid" involvement. Therefore Alumni Connectors reserve the right to restart their activitiy as a Connector at any time, by simply expressing their intent to do so to the Core Connector team.


Advisors are thought leaders from the Collaborative Economy and related fields that support PoissySmartCity with consulting and advice on various matters to do with PoissySmartCity activities, strategy and operatios. They are an informal group and hold no legal responsibility for the organisation.

Advisors can:

  • access the PoissySmartCity Connectors group. This is where they can get regular updates or participate in online discussions, tactical decision-making and share their advice with the other Connectors;
  • co-create the PoissySmartCity strategy by attending Summits twice a year;
  • have a profile on the PoissySmartCity website on a dedicated page for advisors

Advisors should:

  • attend a bi-annual advisors call that takes place shortly after PoissySmartCity Summits, during which they are updated on the PoissySmartCity strategy and can give their feedback and advice;
  • supportPoissySmartCity when possible by spreading the word about our activities in their network and making introductions.


Prospective, La blockchain peut-elle renverser le management traditionnel ? plateforme collaborative « prête à l’emploi »

1agld1r.gifLa blockchain peut-elle renverser le management traditionnel ?

L’organisation hiérarchique et hyper concurrentielle des entreprises traditionnelles est de plus en plus remise en cause. La blockchain permet elle une organisation du travail collaborative et auto-gérée.

Et si votre chef était remplacé par un algorithme ? La startup israélienne Backfeed a créé un système de gouvernance décentralisé basé sur le processus blockchain. Son fondateur, Matan Field, assure s’être inspiré des kibboutz pour imaginer sa plateforme collaborative « prête à l’emploi ». Le protocole blockchain prend la place de l’autorité et organise toute la vie de la société. Chaque salarié peut créer et rejoindre des projets, soumettre librement des contributions. Il se voit automatiquement attribuer un score de « réputation » en fonction de son niveau de participation (contribution ou commentaire jugé utile). Plus sa réputation est élevée, plus il aura un pouvoir de notation sur ses pairs. Car c’est aussi la communauté qui, à la majorité, décide de la rémunération de chacun. La fin des évaluations annuelles et des sempiternelles demandes d’augmentation auprès de son « chef ». Tout est transparent et gravé dans le marbre de la blockchain, librement consultable.

Selon Backfeed, le système permet à la fois l’émergence de consensus et l’émergence de points de vue alternatifs, en encourageant notamment les « bifurcations » dans les projets. Le business model de Backfeed repose sur une sorte une licence d’exploitation à vendre à l’entreprise, que celle-ci pourra adapter comme dans le cas des marques blanches. Pour l’heure, seuls Hylo, un réseau social collaboratif et OuiShare, qui organise des événements autour d’idées ou de communautés, sont utilisateurs.

Comme Backfeed, Colony.io promeut l’intelligence artificielle de la blockchain pour « auto-organiser » les entreprises et mesurer la productivité de chaque membre. Fondée par l’artiste joaillier Jack Du Rose, la startup a créé sa propre monnaie, le « nectar », pour rémunérer les contributeurs. D’autres startups font le pari de se passer complètement de la structure de l’entreprise. Sur Zapchain, chaque individu ou PME peut créer une communauté sur un sujet ou un projet donné. N’importe qui peut alors proposer sa solution ou son avis et le système rémunère les meilleurs en Bitcoin. Une sorte « d’Uber de la créativité ».

La tyrannie du tout-collaboratif

Ces initiatives s’inscrivent dans une tendance lourde, celle du management « plat »,  où chacun gère lui-même son temps et son rôle au sein de l’entreprise (holacratie, coopératives, « entreprise libérée »…). 58% des grandes entreprises disposent aujourd’hui d’un réseau social interne selon le cabinet de conseil Lecko, et le succès d’applications comme Slack ou Evernote témoigne d’une véritable attente dans ce domaine.

Mais peut-on gérer des relations humaines comme des transactions financières ? Et surtout, ce mode tout-collaboratif est-il applicable à toutes les entreprises ? Pour Mark Bolino, professeur à l’université d’Oklahoma, certains employés sont tellement désireux de participer qu’ils sont ensuite sollicités sur n’importe quel sujet, y compris ceux qu’ils ne maîtrisent pas. Ils deviennent aussi des « goulets d’étranglement » : plus rien ne se passe avant qu’ils aient donné leur avis. Et ce alors que l’algorithme leur donnera une encore plus grande valeur. Autre risque : celui que les salariés passent plus de temps à essayer de « gagner des points de notoriété » au détriment d’un vrai travail de fond. Un peu comme la « culture du chiffre » dénoncée par certains dans la police. Bref, si l’intérêt de la blockchain dans le paiement semble à peu près établi, sa pertinence sur un sujet aussi délicat que le management reste encore en suspend.

Article écrit par Céline Deluzarche

Crédit photo : Shutterstock
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